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  • Heart disease prognosis

  • Long-term follow up

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Giuseppe Berton, Rocco Cordiano, Fiorella Cavuto, Francesco Bagato, Heba Talat Mahmoud and Mattia Pasquinucci.


Background: Emerging evidence suggests that patients with coronary artery disease carry an increased risk of developing malignancy, with deleterious effects on long-term prognosis. Our aim was to ascertain whether baseline plasma lipid levels during acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are associated with malignancy in long-term.

Methods: This study included 589 patients admitted with ACS to three centers and discharged alive. Plasma lipid levels were assessed on the first morning after admission. Patients were followed for 17 years or until death.

Results: Five hundred seventy-one patients were free from malignancy at enrollment, of them 99 (17.3%) developed the disease during follow-up and 75 (13.1%) died due to it. Compared to patients without malignancy, those with malignancy showed lower plasma levels of total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and triglycerides (TG). The groups showed similar statin use rates at any time in follow-up. The incidence rate of neoplasia and neoplastic mortality was higher in patients with baseline TC or LDL values ≤ median; they showed 85 and 72% increased incidence rate of developing malignancy and 133 and 122% increased incidence rate of neoplastic death respectively. No differences were observed relative to HDL and TG levels. In survival analysis using Cox regression with parsimonious models, patients with baseline TC or LDL values > median, respectively, showed risks of 0.6(95% CI 0.4–0.9; p = 0.01) and 0.6(95%CI 0.4–0.9; p = 0.02) for malignancy onset, and 0.5(95% CI 0.3–0.8; p = 0.005) and 0.5(95% CI 0.3–0.8; p = 0.004) for neoplastic death. Similar results were obtained using competitive risk analysis with parsimonious models.

Conclusions: This long-term prospective study of an unselected real-world patient sample showed that neoplasia onset and mortality are independently associated with low plasma TC and LDL levels at admission for ACS.

Keywords: Acute coronary syndrome, Coronary artery disease, Neoplasia, Plasma lipids, Long-term follow-up, Competitive risks


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In 1992, a small group of medical researchers and other participants embarked on an project to investigate new clinical factors for heart disease, studying patients with acute coronary syndrome and following them for many years. Today, the observations on the long-term survival after acute coronary syndrome are internationally acknowledged. Main results appears on the most important cardiovascular texts across the world. The study is called “the ABC heart disease study”.
Nel 1992, un piccolo gruppo di medici ricercatori ed altri operatori sanitari, iniziarono un progetto per studiare nuovi fattori clinici della malattia cardiaca, studiando pazienti con sindrome coronarica acuta e seguendoli per molti anni. Oggi, ciò che è stato osservato sulla sopravvivenza a lungo temine dopo sindrome coronarica acuta è riconosciuto a livello internazionale. I principali risultati appaiono sui maggiori testi di medicina cardiovascolare in tutto il mondo. Questo progetto è stato chiamato “the ABC heart disease study”.

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The Mission of the ABC Study on Heart Disease Project is to promote the knowledge on heart disease chiefly based on the long-term follow up of the patients. And to promote citizen health supporting preventive, social, and sport activities.

First 3 years results of the study

Malattia cardiaca e neoplasia: i risultati dei primi 3 anni di studio
Heart disease and neoplasia: first 3 years results of the study

 Risultati Terzo Anno

I risultati del Terzo Anno di lavoro del Progetto regionale

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Under the patronage of

Conegliano - TV (Italy)        Farra di Soligo (TV)    Comune di Bassano del Grappa    ULSS5 Logo   ULSS7 Logo ULSS2 LogoU.S.ACLI Associazione Amici del Cuore Bassano Amici Riabilitazione Cardiopatici Marostica ARIS onlus logo   E20RUN Conegliano  CRT Cimavilla Running Team - logo

Un ringraziamento per il supporto continuativo dal 2015 ad ABC Study Association

Banca della Marca


Riconoscimenti - Acknowlegments

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